Alas Purwo National Park

Alas Purwo National Park
Alas Purwo National Park’s area before specified as National Park, initially have game preserve status of South Banyuwangi pursuant to Decree Governor General Indies Dutch Number 6 stbl 456 September 1st 1939 broadly area 62.000 Ha.
This Alas Purwo National Park is to be located in sub district of Tegaldlimo and Purwoharjo, regency of Banyuwangi, East Java, and Indonesian. According to geographies, to be located in Earth tip of Java Island, area of south beach between 80 26’ 45” – 80 47’ 00” LS and 1140 20’ 16” – 1140 36’ 00” BT.

Area of Alas Purwo specified as Alas Purwo National Park pursuant to Decree Minister Forestry Republic of Indonesian of No. 283/Kpts – 11/1992, February 26th 1992 broadly area 43.420 Ha.
Pursuant to Decree Director General Protection of Forest and Natural Conservation of Number 26/Kpts/IV – KK/2007, February 19th 2007 about revise zone of Alas Purwo National Park divided of :

╤ Sanctuary Zone : 17.150 Ha.
╤ Wilderness Zone : 27.207 Ha.
╤ Rehabilitate Zone : 620 Ha.

╤ Intensive Use Zone : 660 Ha.
╤ Traditional Zone : 783 Ha.
According to general, forest type in area of Alas Purwo National Park is lowland plain tropical rainforest. Bamboo forest is formation which dominant, ± 40 % from total of forest area which is. Until now, have record its little 584 kinds of plants which consist of grass, herb, bush, liana and trees. This National Park also used in the various aspects, other between.

  1. Protection Aspect
    Type of ecosystem especial in Alas Purwo National Park is tropical rainforest ecosystem of lowland and also there are some kinds of flora and fauna which become typical characteristic of Alas Purwo National Park, other between.
  • Flora :
    Bull (Boss javanicus)
    Turtle (Grey turtle, green turtle, turtle shell, star fruit turtle)
    Green Peacock (Pavo muticus)
  • Fauna :
    Type of Bamboo (Gigantoclhoa)
    Sawo Kecik (Manilkara kauki)
    Nyamplung (Caluphyllum inophyllum

Threat and Constraint faced :
♀ Decrease of it variety biological because still there are intake of Natural Resource Biological which illegal (wild hunt, theft of woods or bamboo).
♀ Decrease is condition of habitat because mutilations of habitat, troubles fragmentation to habitat like forest fire.

2. Exploiting Aspect
Exploiting of Natural Resource of Alas Purwo National Park in the form of nature tourism, research and science.
Alas Purwo National Park as media teaching forest which work together with UGM which include :

~ Survey
~ Student field practice
~ Conservation apprentice
Exploiting of Result Forest Is not Wood, covering: melinjo, kemiri, kluwek, Rattan,bamboo, honey, gebang, java chili.

Threat and Constraint faced :
€ Level of visitor a ware relative still lower.
€ Potential of tourism object not yet been managed.
€ There is no of road research.
3. Pickling Aspect
Pickling Aspect which conducted in Alas Purwo National Park with way of taking care of perfection of area so that remain to in a state of genuine.
In area of Alas Purwo National Park there are wild animal like Bull, Turtle etc, and Sawo Kecik and also various other wild plant let by life and grow naturally.
Given high priority to species key which obviated of destruction, that is.
a. Fauna : Bull, Turtle
b. Flora : Sawo Kecik, bendo, etc.
Construction of habitat which is conducted construction of bull habitat in Sadengan ground feeding.

Threat and constraint faced :
† Not yet its it swampy forest information and population of key species
† Dynamics that happened flora goodness and also fauna not yet been identified surely.
In the Alas Purwo National Park there is location of construction of turtle population is to be found in Ngagelan. In there, there are 2 work huts, 2 places for hatch of egg and 2 basins for large of tukik (baby of turtle). For attain to there, we must walk 5 km from Rowobendo post.
In the world, there are 7 kinds of turtle, 4 among other there are in Alas Purwo National Park, that are:

1. Turtle shell (Eretmocholys imbricate)
2. Grey turtle (Lepidochelys oliacea)
3. Green turtle (Chelonia mydas)
4. Star fruit turtle (Dermochelys coriaceae).

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